By: Tajamul Naseem Lone
The purpose of writing this article is to motivate parents (especially students enrolled in public schools) to get involved in the education of the child from early childhood. Being a teacher for more than 10 years now, I realized that the role of parents and school is a mutually complementary relationship. The role of a parent is directly proportional to the success of a child. The teacher alone cannot do anything without the support of the parents. A main point behind the success of private school students is one hundred percent parental involvement.
A child’s education begins at home. Parents are their first teachers and they have a key role in shaping their character. A balance between home and school education shapes a student’s actual learning. Active participation in their child’s education is necessary, as it extends learning beyond the walls of the classroom. Children feel more confident in their vision of learning in the classroom and the active involvement of parents encourages them to learn better. In addition, this closeness makes the child more confident and happier. Parental involvement and academic success are directly proportional to each other. Schools with enthusiastic parents involve, engage and communicate with them, which integrates them into the learning process. This has a positive impact on the academic and overall level of the child.
Parental involvement in early childhood education is not only important but can expand a child’s experience in all aspects such as social, emotional and mental. Involved parents can have a positive and lasting impact on their child’s ability to learn. When children experience quality early learning and care, their short-term cognition improves and they develop socially and emotionally. Likewise, it would also contribute to long-term success in studies and later in life. A child who is stimulated correctly or molded appropriately through age is likely to perform better and do well in the long run. The child is more likely to perform better in school and lead a healthier and more productive life as an adult. The first five years are crucial in the process of a child’s development, especially his receptivity to human contact.
Parents should actively participate in their child’s homework. They need to be aware of their child’s progress at school. Online grading portals, report cards, and school progress reports provide parents with a pretty good picture of student performance – grades, attendance, behavior, and teacher evaluation.
Parental involvement can be aptly described as the active and ongoing participation of a parent or primary caregiver in their child’s education process. The relationship between school and parents mutually complementary relationship, House is the source of the most important components of the school (students). School caring for students with education, parents are responsible for the level of their children’s grades, because they enrich the lives of their children culturally, through various knowledge and contribute to the development of the intelligent child, and the family encourages the child and increases motivation to teach and responsibility to provide the appropriate conditions. Parents and the school each bring unique strengths to the education of children. They are a team. They each have strengths, weaknesses – none of us can do the job alone. The role of parents in school life is a vital issue, therefore requires schools to engage and collaborate with parents to improve academic success.
According to various researches conducted repeatedly, it is evident that student achievement increases when parents are involved (Harris et al, 1987). Improved test scores, lower dropout rates, improved student attendance and behavior, improved parent teachers (Gillum, 1977; Rich, Vandien and Mallox, 1980). There is a wonderful increase in academic achievement, better classroom behavior, improved self-esteem, increased motivation and attitude towards school, low absenteeism, increased school satisfaction and improved school climate (Balli, Wedman & Demo, 1997; Bryan & Sullivan-Burnstein, 1998; Griffith, 1996; Russel & Reece, 2000). Parents should be involved in school decision-making, governance and advocacy through the APE/PTO, school council committees and other parent organizations. Schools have a responsibility to work in partnership with businesses, agencies, and other groups to coordinate resources and provide services to the school and community (Epstein, Coates, Salinas, Sanders, & Simon, 1997; US Department of Education, 1997).
The United States Department of Education, 2004) illustrated that when school, family, or community barriers prevent parents from becoming involved, the consequences can affect the student’s academic achievement. student. Strategies to overcome barriers to parental involvement in school include overcoming time and resource constraints, providing information and training to parents and school staff, restructuring schools to support family, bridging differences between school and family securing external supports for the partnership, meeting basic needs of families, providing flexible times and locations for parent involvement, and staff communication support with parents (The US Department of education, 2004; Family Involvement in Children’s Education-October, 1997).
(NSPRA, 2004) Suggested ideas include creating a formal policy including specific goals for parents and teachers working together, identifying barriers specific to the school and its culture, assessment, evaluation and improvement of current programs and participation of the community as a whole. Schools should encourage parents to support their children’s learning by making them feel welcome at school. The school should also involve parents in the process of achieving goals related to student success (Jesse, 2009).
When parents are actively involved in their children’s education, they are more likely to do better in school. By involving parents in the educational process, schools offer the possibility of enriching school curricula. Effective approaches to parent involvement will help build positive relationships and trust between schools and families, healthy child development, and a safe school environment. Parent involvement programs should be developed to meet the unique needs of the school and the community.
However, parents should be informed and guided by the school on parental involvement activities. Many professionals agree that it is the school’s responsibility to take the first step towards involving families in education. Therefore, it is important that parents and guardians realize the important contributions they can make to the success of their children by providing them with a nurturing environment and also supporting them at home during their early years of schooling, as well only during the secondary and tertiary years of schooling. Schools should encourage parents to visit the school and go through parent-teacher meetings, parent day, invitations, falcitation of most involved parents on special occasions, open virtual sessions with parents, training sessions for parents, newsletters for parents and communication with parents. via the Internet on the school site and their views on various educational issues, and provide them with information on the level of education of their children and involve them in the development of educational projects.
The author is a teacher at HSS DangiwachaRafiabad. [email protected]